electrical4u.com logo Home MCQ Engineering Calculators Videos Basic Electrical Circuit Theories Electrical Laws Materials Batteries Illumination Generation Transmission Distribution Switchgear Protection Measurement Control System Utilities Safety Transformer Motor Generator Electrical Drives Electronics Devices Power Electronics Digital Electronics Biomedical Instrumentation

Xenon Arc Lamp

Published on 24/2/2012 and last updated on Monday 16th of July 2018 at 07:08:21 PM
The construction of xenon arc lamp is very simple. Here, two thoriated tungsten made electrodes are placed face to face with small gap in an airtight transparent envelope of fused silica.
Thoriated tungsten is the tungsten added with 1 to 2% thorium to give extra strength to the arc by enhancing electron emission capability of tungsten. Fused silica is also called quartz. It is non crystalline transparent silicon dioxide glass which provides extra strength and almost zero thermal expansion. It can withstand high pressure at high temperature. The envelope or bulb is filled with xenon gas in very high pressure. The pressure inside the bulb is about 30 bars.

Here, when voltage is applied across the electrodes, gas discharge phenomenon starts in the xenon gas in the gap between electrodes. There are always present some free electrons in the gas. Due to applied electric field across the electrodes, the free electrons get accelerated and collide with xenon atoms. Due to these collisions electrons from the outer orbit of the xenon atoms gets detached from their position and come to the higher energy level. Atoms with electrons of higher energy level are called excited atoms.

When in the excited atoms, the electrons return from its higher energy level to its previous energy state, the extra energy is released as photon. The wavelength of energy emitted through photons is within visual range. The colour of light of xenon arc light is like daylight. xenon arc lamp Due to electrostatic attraction of anode or positive electrodes, the free electrons originated due to ionization process ultimately comes to the anode and returns to the source.

Due to attraction of cathode the positive ions ultimately collide with cathode front surface and generate positive metal ions, neutral xenon atoms and free electrons. These electrons are called secondary emitted electrons. These electrons help to continue the gas discharging process. As the cathode is not additionally heated for electron emission, the cathode of xenon arc lamp or xenon lamp is known as cold cathode.

Related pages
Xenon Arc Lamp
Please Rate this Article
⚑ 1 total

New Articles
Articles on Lamps
HPS LampsMercury Vapour LampHID BallastElectronic BallastMetal Halide LampsArc LampXenon Arc Lamp
More Articles on Illumination Engineering
Theory of LightFluorescent LampSources of LightMaterialLighting SchemePhotometer
Articles Categories
Basic Electrical
Electric Transformer
Electric Generator
Electric Motor
Electrical MCQ
Engineering Calculators
Video Lectures
Electrical Generation
Electric Transmission
Electric Protection
Electrical Measurement
Electronics Devices
Power Electronics
Digital Electronics