What is Electrical Energy Definition Formula Unit of Electrical Energy
What is Electrical Energy?Before explaining what electrical energy is, let us try to review the potential difference between two points in an electric field. Suppose potential difference between point A and point B in an electric is v volts. As per the definition of potential difference we can say, if one positive unit electrical charge that is a body containing one-coulomb positive charge travels from point A to point B, it will do v joules work. Now instead of one-coulomb charge if q coulomb charge moves from point A to B, it will do vq joules work.
If the time taken by the q coulomb charge to travel from point A to B is t second, then we can write the rate of work done as Again, we define the work done per second as power. In that case, the term would be electrical power. In differential form, we can write, electric power Watt is the unit of power.
Now, if we place a conductor in between A and B, and through which the quantity of electric charge q coulomb is passing. The charge passing through a cross-section of the conductor per unit time (second) is It is nothing but the electric current i, through the conductor. Now, we can write, If this current flows through the conductor for a time t, we can say the total work done by the charge is We define this as electrical energy. So, we can say,