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Two Port Network

on 24/2/2012 & Updated on Friday 27th of April 2018 at 02:57:56 PM
The electrical network has two pairs of terminal one pair of which is treated as input and other pair as output, is referred as two port network.
The figure below shows a two port network. Two port network

A single phase transformer is an ideal example of two port network. single phase Transformer When an electrical signal is applied to the input port of the network, there would be an electrical output signal.

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Two Port Network

The relation between input and output signals of the network can be determined by transfer various network parameters, such as, impedance, admittance, voltage ratio and current ratio. Let us refer to the figure below, input and output signal

Here in the network, The transform voltage ratio function is, The transfer current ratio function is,

The transfer impedance function is, The transfer admittance function is,

Parameters of Two Port Network

There are different parameters, needed to analyze a two port network. For examples, Z parameters, Y parameters, h parameters, g parameters, ABCD parameters etc. Let us discuss one by one in brief for better understanding.

Z Parameters

Z parameters are also known as impedance parameters. When we use Z parameter for analyzing two part network, the voltages are represented as the function of currents. So, The Z parameters are, The voltages are represented as

Y Parameters

Y parameter is dual of Z parameter. In the two part network represented by admittance, the current and voltage related by the following equations,

h Parameter

h parameters also known as hybrid parameters. In hybrid parameter circuit, voltage gain, current gain, impedance and admittance are used to determines relation between current and voltage of two port network.

ABCD Parameter

These are also called transmission parameters. Here, voltage and current and of input part are expressed in term of output part.
Here, In matrix form it can be written as,

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