Let us first go through some important terms which associated with the topic admittance. We all know that resistance (R) has only magnitude but no phase. We can say that it is the measure of opposition for the flow of current. In AC circuit; in addition to the resistance, two impeding mechanisms (inductance and capacitance) have to be considered. So the term impedance (Z) is introduced which have the same function of resistance but have both magnitude and phase. Its real part is resistance, and the imaginary part is reactance, which came from the impeding mechanism. The inverse (reciprocal) of the impedance is called the admittance (Y). Therefore it has the opposite function of impedance. That is, we can say it is the measure of the flow of current which is allowed by a device or a circuit. Admittance also measures the dynamic effects of susceptance of a material to polarization and is measured in Siemens or Mho. Oliver Heaviside introduced this in December 1887.
Derivation of Admittance from ImpedanceImpedance consists of real part (resistance) and imaginary part (reactance). Admittance is also a complex number as impedance which is having a real part, Conductance (G) and imaginary part, Susceptance (B).
(it is negative for capacitive susceptance and positive for inductive susceptance)
Admittance TriangleIt is formed by admittance (Y), susceptance (B) and conductance (G) as shown below.
From admittance triangle,
Admittance of a Series CircuitWhen a circuit consist of Resistance and Inductance reactance in series is considered as shown below.
When the circuit consist of Resistance and Capacitive reactance in series is considered as shown below.