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Conductor Resistance Test of Electrical Power Cables

Published on 24/2/2012 and last updated on 16/8/2018
This test is used to determine the DC resistance of copper or aluminum conductors. Resistance of a conductor tells us how easily a conductor allows the flow of current through it. Higher the resistance, lesser the current will flow though the conductor. Resistance of a conductor is influenced by conductor dimension and construction, conditions like, temperature and resistivity. It is normally expressed as ohms per km.
This test will make use of either Kelvin Double Bridge with accuracy of 0.2 percent or Wheatstone Bridge with accuracy of 0.5 percent. Test specimen is selected as indicated below.

Note - The length of the test specimen is the length which lies between the potential terminals.

Procedure of Conductor Resistance Test

Connect the specimen to the resistance measuring bridge and make sure that proper considerations are taken into account about the contact resistance. Measure the resistance and note down the temperature. Measured resistance is converted to the standard temperature and length.

Observation and Report

Sample noNominal conductor size in mm2Length (m)Material Al/CuClass of conductorTemperature oCObserved ResistanceSpecified Resistance
- - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - -

Calculation

Observed Resistance at a particular temperature, Where, Rt = Observed Resistance K = Temperature correction factor L = Length of specimen in m. Conclusion - The sample meets/does not meet the requirements of the specification.

Related pages
Conductor Resistance Test of Electrical Power Cables
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