ONLINE ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING STUDY SITE

Magnetic Flux

We define magnetic flux as the total number of magnetic lines of force in a magnetic field.
If we place an imaginary isolated unit north pole in a magnetic field it will experience a repulsive force from north pole and an attractive force from south pole of the magnet which has created the field. Due to these both forces, acting on the isolated unit north pole, the north pole will move along a particular path in the field if the pole is free to do so. If we place the same isolated unit north pole at different distance from the magnet in the field, it may follow a different path of travelling.

We call these paths of travelling of the unit north pole in the field, as lines of force. As we can place this imaginary isolated unit north pole at infinite number of points in the field, there may be infinite numbers of lines of force in the field. But visualize a magnetic field with infinite number of lines of force is useless for any scientific calculation. So we have to develop some unique concept, so that we can represent a magnetic field according to its entire strength. We take the unit of magnetic flux as weber. If a field has &hi; weber flux, it means the field has total φ number of lines of force. Like isolated north pole, the concept of lines of force in a magnetic field is also imaginary. It does not has any physical existence. This is only used for different magnetic calculation and for explaining different magnetic properties. magnetc field

Properties of Magnetic Flux

  1. Magnetic flux of a filed is considered as the total number of magnetic lines of force in the field. These are also called magnetic flux lines.
  2. Each magnetic flux line is closed loop.
  3. Each magnetic flux line starts from north pole of a magnet and comes to the south pole through the field and continues from south pole to north pole in the body of the magnet.
  4. No two flux lines cross each other.
  5. Two similar lines of force travel side by side but repeal each other.
  6. The lines of force are stretched like elastic cord.

Magnetic Flux Density

The number of magnetic lines of force passing through a unit area surface perpendicular to the magnetic field is called magnetic flux density. If total φ Weber flux perpendicularly through a surface of area A m2, Magnetic flux density of the field would be, We generally represent magnetic flux density by capital letter B.




Comments/Feedbacks






Closely Related Articles Magnetic FieldMagnetic PermeabilityHysteresis LoopMagnetic Field and Magnetic Circuit | Magnetic MaterialsMagnetic SaturationEnergy Stored in a Magnetic FieldStatic Electric Field | Electrostatic Induction A Current Carrying Conductor Within A Magnetic FieldMagnetic SusceptibilityHard Magnetic MaterialsSoft Magnetic MaterialsMagnetic Circuit with Air GapMore Related Articles Electric Current and Theory of Electricity | Heating and Magnetic EffectNature of ElectricityDrift Velocity Drift Current and Electron MobilityElectric Current and Voltage Division RuleRMS or Root Mean Square Value of AC SignalWorking Principle of a CapacitorQuality Factor of Inductor and CapacitorTransient Behavior of CapacitorCylindrical CapacitorSpherical CapacitorCapacitors in Series and ParallelHow to Test Capacitors?Electrical Conductance Conductivity of Metal Semiconductor and Insulator | Band TheoryWhat is Electrical Resistance?Resistivity and Laws of ResistanceProperties of Electric ConductorTemperature Coefficient of ResistanceResistance Variation with TemperatureSeries ResistanceActive and Passive Elements of Electrical CircuitElectrical DC Series and Parallel CircuitOhm's Law | Equation Formula and Limitation of Ohm's LawKirchhoff Current Law and Kirchhoff Voltage LawSingle and Multi Mesh AnalysisSuperposition TheoremThevenin Theorem and Thevenin Equivalent Voltage and ResistanceNorton Theorem | Norton Equivalent Current and ResistanceReciprocity TheoremNodal Analysis in Electric CircuitsMaximum Power Transfer TheoremDelta - Star transformation | Star - Delta TransformationElectric ChargeCoulombs Law | Explanation Statement Formulas Principle Limitation of Coulomb’s LawElectric Lines of ForceWhat is Electric Field?Electric Field Strength or Electric Field IntensityWhat is Flux? Types of Flux?Electric FluxElectric PotentialCapacitor and Capacitance | Types of CapacitorsEnergy Stored in CapacitorCharging a CapacitorDischarging a CapacitorFourier Series and Fourier TransformTrigonometric Fourier SeriesAnalysis of Exponential Fourier SeriesParity GeneratorElectric Circuit and Electrical Circuit ElementsSeries Parallel Battery CellsRL Series CircuitWhat is Inductor and Inductance | Theory of InductorRLC CircuitThree Phase Circuit | Star and Delta SystemRL Parallel CircuitRL Circuit Transfer Function Time Constant RL Circuit as FilterConstruction of AC Circuits and Working of AC CircuitsSeries RLC CircuitParallel RLC CircuitResistances in Series and Resistances in ParallelResonance in Series RLC CircuitPlanar and Non Planar Graphs of CircuitClipping CircuitMutual InductanceSelf InductanceSI System of UnitsElectrical International SymbolElectric Power Single and Three Phase Power Active Reactive ApparentVector Algebra | Vector DiagramRelationship of Line and Phase Voltages and Currents in a Star Connected SystemVector Diagram | Three Phase Vector DiagramTypes of Resistor Carbon Composition and Wire Wound ResistorVaristor Metal Oxide Varistor is Nonlinear ResistorCarbon Composition ResistorWire Wound ResistorVariable Resistors | Defination, Uses and Types of Variable ResistorsLight Dependent Resistor | LDR and Working Principle of LDRSource of Electrical EnergyVoltage SourceIdeal Dependent Independent Voltage Current SourceVoltage or Electric Potential DifferenceVoltage in SeriesVoltage in ParallelVoltage Drop CalculationVoltage DividerVoltage MultiplierVoltage DoublerVoltage RegulatorVoltage FollowerVoltage Regulator 7805Voltage to Current ConverterNew Articles Collecting Oil Sample from Oil Immersed Electrical EquipmentCauses of Insulating Oil DeteriorationAcidity Test of Transformer Insulating OilMagnetic FluxRing Counter