What is Flux? Types of Flux?
What is Flux?
Flux means an imaginary line through which a physical quantity can travel. The word “Flux” is originated from Latin Word ‘Fluxus’ that means flow. Isaac Newton first used this term as fluxion into differential calculus. In mathematics and physics flux is used as the basic and global word.
Types of FluxFlux can be used in various concepts, such as
Magnetic FluxIt means the number magnetic field lines passing through a closed surface. Its SI unit is – Weber and in CGS is – Maxwell. It is denoted as Φm.
Electric FluxIt means the number of electric field lines passing through a closed surface. Its SI unit is – voltmeter. It is denoted as ΦE.
Luminous FluxIt means the line of transmitted visually sensible radiated energy per second. Its SI unit is Lumen (lm).
Radiant Flux or Energy FluxIt means the line of transmitted radiated energy per second from any energy source. Its SI unit is Watt. It is denoted as ΦV.
Heat FluxIt means the heat energy transfer through an elementary surface per second. Its SI unit is W/m2. It is denoted as Φq.
Mass FluxIt means the rate of mass flow per unit area. Its SI unit is kg/s-m2. It is denoted as J or q.
Momentum FluxIt means flow of momentum across unit area per second. Its SI unit is N/m2.
Acoustic FluxIt means flow of sound energy through unit area per second. Its SI unit is Watt.