ONLINE ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING STUDY SITE

Electric Field Strength or Electric Field Intensity

The force acting on a unit positive charge inside an electric field is termed as electric field strength.
Electric field strength or electric field intensity is the synonym of electric field. Electric field strength can be determined by Coulomb’s law. coulombs law According to this law, the force ‘F’ between two point charges having charge Q1 and Q2 Coulomb and placed at a distance d meter from each other is given by, Here, εo is the permittivity of vacuum = 8.854 × 10-12 F/m and εr is the relative permittivity of the surrounding medium.

Now, let us put Q2 = + 1 Coulomb and let us denote force F by E in the equation (1), and by doing these we get,  This equation shows the force acting the a unit positive charge placed at a distance d from charge Q1. electric field As per definition this is nothing but of electric field strength of charge Q1 at a distance d from that charge.
Now, we got the expression of electric field strength or intensity. Now, by combining this expression with equation (1), we get, The above expression shows that, if we place a charge at any point in an electric field, the product of the electric field strength at that point and the charge of the body gives the force acting on the body at that point in the field. The above expression can also be rewritten as, Depending on this expression, the electric field strength can be expressed in Newton/Coulomb. The electric field strength has direction and hence it is vector quantity.
Intensity means the magnitude or amount. Now field intensity similarly means the magnitude of the strength of the field. Finally electric field intensity or strength can be written as,  So far we have discussed about the electric field intensity at a point due to the influence of a single charge, but there may be a case where, the point is under the filed of more than one charged bodies. In that case, we first have to calculate, the electric field strength at that point for individual charges and the we have to vectorially add up all the field strengths to get resultant field strength at that point.

Video on Electric Field




Comments/Feedbacks






Closely Related Articles Electric ChargeCoulombs Law | Explanation Statement Formulas Principle Limitation of Coulomb’s LawElectric Lines of ForceWhat is Electric Field?What is Flux? Types of Flux?Electric FluxElectric PotentialCapacitor and Capacitance | Types of CapacitorsEnergy Stored in CapacitorCharging a CapacitorDischarging a CapacitorMore Related Articles Electric Current and Theory of Electricity | Heating and Magnetic EffectNature of ElectricityDrift Velocity Drift Current and Electron MobilityElectric Current and Voltage Division RuleRMS or Root Mean Square Value of AC SignalWorking Principle of a CapacitorQuality Factor of Inductor and CapacitorTransient Behavior of CapacitorCylindrical CapacitorSpherical CapacitorCapacitors in Series and ParallelHow to Test Capacitors?Electrical Conductance Conductivity of Metal Semiconductor and Insulator | Band TheoryWhat is Electrical Resistance?Resistivity and Laws of ResistanceProperties of Electric ConductorTemperature Coefficient of ResistanceResistance Variation with TemperatureSeries ResistanceActive and Passive Elements of Electrical CircuitElectrical DC Series and Parallel CircuitOhm's Law | Equation Formula and Limitation of Ohm's LawKirchhoff Current Law and Kirchhoff Voltage LawSingle and Multi Mesh AnalysisSuperposition TheoremThevenin Theorem and Thevenin Equivalent Voltage and ResistanceNorton Theorem | Norton Equivalent Current and ResistanceReciprocity TheoremNodal Analysis in Electric CircuitsMaximum Power Transfer TheoremDelta - Star transformation | Star - Delta TransformationMagnetic FieldMagnetic FluxMagnetic PermeabilityHysteresis LoopMagnetic Field and Magnetic Circuit | Magnetic MaterialsMagnetic SaturationEnergy Stored in a Magnetic FieldStatic Electric Field | Electrostatic Induction A Current Carrying Conductor Within A Magnetic FieldMagnetic SusceptibilityHard Magnetic MaterialsSoft Magnetic MaterialsMagnetic Circuit with Air GapFourier Series and Fourier TransformTrigonometric Fourier SeriesAnalysis of Exponential Fourier SeriesParity GeneratorElectric Circuit and Electrical Circuit ElementsSeries Parallel Battery CellsRL Series CircuitWhat is Inductor and Inductance | Theory of InductorRLC CircuitThree Phase Circuit | Star and Delta SystemRL Parallel CircuitRL Circuit Transfer Function Time Constant RL Circuit as FilterConstruction of AC Circuits and Working of AC CircuitsSeries RLC CircuitParallel RLC CircuitResistances in Series and Resistances in ParallelResonance in Series RLC CircuitPlanar and Non Planar Graphs of CircuitClipping CircuitMutual InductanceSelf InductanceSI System of UnitsElectrical International SymbolElectric Power Single and Three Phase Power Active Reactive ApparentVector Algebra | Vector DiagramRelationship of Line and Phase Voltages and Currents in a Star Connected SystemVector Diagram | Three Phase Vector DiagramTypes of Resistor Carbon Composition and Wire Wound ResistorVaristor Metal Oxide Varistor is Nonlinear ResistorCarbon Composition ResistorWire Wound ResistorVariable Resistors | Defination, Uses and Types of Variable ResistorsLight Dependent Resistor | LDR and Working Principle of LDRSource of Electrical EnergyVoltage SourceIdeal Dependent Independent Voltage Current SourceVoltage or Electric Potential DifferenceVoltage in SeriesVoltage in ParallelVoltage Drop CalculationVoltage DividerVoltage MultiplierVoltage DoublerVoltage RegulatorVoltage FollowerVoltage Regulator 7805Voltage to Current ConverterNew Articles Collecting Oil Sample from Oil Immersed Electrical EquipmentCauses of Insulating Oil DeteriorationAcidity Test of Transformer Insulating OilMagnetic FluxRing Counter