Online Electrical Engineering
Sweep Frequency Response Analysis Test | SFRA Test
Electrical Power Transformer | Definition and Types of Transformer
What is transformer? Definition & Working Principle of Transformer
Theory of Transformer on load and no load operation
EMF Equation of Transformer | Turns Voltage Transformation Ratio of Transformer
Resistance & Leakage Reactance or Impedance of Transformer
Equivalent Circuit of Transformer referred to Primary and Secondary
Voltage Regulation of Transformer
Hysteresis Eddy Current Iron or Core Losses and Copper Loss in Transformer
Open and Short Circuit Test on Transformer
What is Auto Transformer ?
Tertiary Winding of Transformer | Three Winding Transformer
Parallel operation of Transformers
Transformer Cooling System and Methods
Core of Transformer and Design of Transformer Core
Transformer Insulating Oil and Types of Transformer Oil
Transformer Accessories | Breather and Conservator Tank | Radiator
DGA or Dissolved Gas Analysis of Transformer Oil | Furfural or Furfuraldehyde Analysis
Over Fluxing in Transformer
Single Three Phase Transformer vs bank of three Single Phase Transformers
Current Transformer CT class Ratio Error Phase Angle Error in Current Transformer
Voltage Transformer or Potential Transformer Theory
Accuracy Limit Factor and Instrument Security Factor of Current Transformer
Knee Point Voltage of Current Transformer PS Class
What is Earthing Transformer or Grounding Transformer
Differential Protection of Transformer | Differential Relays
Restricted Earth Fault Protection of Transformer | REF Protection
Buchholz Relay in transformer | Buchholz Relay operation and principle
Transformer Testing | Type Test and Routine Test of Transformer
Transformer Winding Resistance Measurement
Voltage and Turn Ratio Test of Transformer
Vector Group Test of Power Transformer
Insulation Dielectric Test of Transformer
Transformer Oil and Winding Temperature Rise Test
Impulse Test of Transformer
Magnetizing Inrush Current in Power Transformer
Air Core Transformer
High Voltage Transformer
Silica Gel Breather of Transformer
Conservator Tank of Transformer
Maintenance of Transformer
Radiator of Transformer | Function of Radiator
Magnetic Oil Gauge or MOG | Magnetic Oil Level Indicator of Transformer
Oil Winding and Remote Temperature Indicator of Transformer
On Load and No Load Tap Changer of Transformer | OLTC and NLTC
Distribution Transformer | All Day Efficiency of Distribution Transformer
Installation of Power Transformer
Commissioning of Power Transformer
Design of High Frequency Pulse Transformer
Voltage and Turn Ratio Test of Transformer
Under Electrical Transformer
Transformer Ratio TestThe performance of a transformer largely depends upon perfection of specific turns or voltage ratio of transformer. So transformer ration test is an essential type test of transformer. The voltage should be applied only in the high voltage winding in order to avoid unsafe voltage.
Ratio Test of Transformer and Check of Phase DisplacementActually the no load voltage ratio of transformer is equal to the turn ratio. So ratio test of transformer.
Procedure of Transformer Ratio Test
- First, the tap changer of transformer is kept in the lowest position and LV terminals are kept open.
- Then apply 3-phase 415 V supply on HV terminals. Measure the voltages applied on each phase (Phase-phase) on HV and induced voltages at LV terminals simultaneously.
- After measuring the voltages at HV and LV terminals, the tap changer of transformer should be raised by one position and repeat test.
- Repeat the same for each of the tap position separately.
Let's have a discussion on transformer turns ratio (TTR) meter method of turn ratio test of transformer.
This theoretical turn ratio is adjusted on the transformer turn ratio tested or TTR by the adjustable transformer as shown in the figure above and it should be changed until a balance occurs in the percentage error indicator. The reading on this indicator implies the deviaton of measured turn ratio from expected turn ratio in percentage.
Out-of-tolerance, ratio test of transformer can be due to shorted turns, especially if there is an associated high excitation current. Open turns in HV winding will indicate very low exciting current and no output voltage since open turns in HV winding causes no excitation current in the winding means no flux hence no induced voltage. But open turn in LV winding causes, low fluctuating LV voltage but normal excitation current in HV winding. Hence open turns in LV winding will be indicated by normal levels of exciting current, but very low levels of unstable output voltage. The turn ratio test of transformer also detects high resistance connections in the lead circuitry or high contact resistance in tap changers by higher excitation current and a difficulty in balancing the bridge.