01․ The shaft torque of a dc motor is less than the electromagnetic torque because of

Electromagnetic torque = shaft torque + mechanical losses.
Or, shaft torque = Electromagnetic torque - mechanical losses.
⇒ Shaft torque is less than electromagnetic torque because of mechanical losses.

02․ A 230 volt dc motor has an armature winding resistance of 0.5 ohm. Calculate the emf induced by the motor if the full load armature current is 23 ampere.

The voltage equation of dc motor is given by E = E

_{b}+ I_{a}R_{a}⇒ E_{b}= E - I_{a}R_{a}Or, E_{b}= 230 - ( 23 X 0.5). Or, E_{b}= 230 - 11.5 = 218.5 volt.03․ A 4 pole wave wound dc motor having flux per pole of 9.56 X 10

^{-3}Wb contains 460 armature conductors. Calculate the back emf produced when it is running at a speed of 1500 rpm. Given P = 4 , φ = 9.56 X 10

^{-3}Wb Z = 460 conductors, N = 1500 rpm A = 2, since wave winding.04․ A 4 pole wave wound dc motor having flux per pole of 9.56 X 10

^{-3}Wb contains 460 armature conductors with armature resistance of 0.6 ohm. Calculate the starting current flowing through the armature if the supply voltage is 240 volt.The voltage equation of dc motor is E = E

_{b}+ I_{a}R_{a}But at staring E_{b}= 0 ⇒ Voltage equation of motor at starting E_{b}= I_{a}R_{a}⇒ I_{a}= E_{b}/ R_{a}⇒ I_{a}= 240 / 0.6 = 400 Amp.05․ In case of a dc motor the ratio E

_{b}/ E is indicative ofThe power equation of dc motor is given by EI

_{a}= E_{b}I_{a}+ I_{a}^{2}R_{a}. Where EI_{a}= Input power E_{b}I_{a}= Output power I_{a}^{2}R_{a}= Ohmic losses. Since efficiency = Output / Input = (E_{b}I_{a}) / (EI_{a}) ∴ Efficiency = E_{b}/ E.06․ The output power of a dc motor is given by

The power equation of dc motor is given by
EI

_{a}= E_{b}I_{a}+ I_{a}^{2}R_{a}Where EI_{a}= Input power E_{b}I_{a}= Output power I_{a}^{2}R_{a}= Ohmic losses.07․ When the armature current of 5 Amp is flowing through the dc motor the torque produced is 47 Nm. Keeping the speed constant if the armature current is increased to 7 amp, calculate the new torque. Assume losses to be constant.

The torque equation of dc motor is E

_{b}I_{a}= Tθ ⇒ I_{a}is proportional to T ⇒ 5 / 7 = 47 / New torque ∴ New torque = (7 X 47) / 5 = 65.8 Nm08․ The back emf produced in a dc motor depends on

Under construction.

09․ DC Motor

In field weakening region field current will reduce in 3 point starter holding coil unable to hold the plunger in on position.

10․ Which motor used in Lathe machine?

For medium starting torque and nearly constant speed, D.C. shunt motor is used in lathe.

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