01․ Relative error is same as

Relative error is the ratio of absolute error to the true value of the unknown quantity to be measured.

02․ A 0 - 100 V voltmeter has a guaranteed accuracy of 2 % of full scale reading. The voltage measured by the voltmeter is 75 V. The limiting error is in percentage

The magnitude of the limiting error of the instrument = relative error X scale division = 0.02 X 100 = 2 V.

03․ The moving coil-meters, damping is provided by

The movement induces emf and hence current flows in the aluminium frame of the coil. The torque developed due to this current is the damping torque.

04․ A lissajous pattern, as in figure is observed on the screen of a CRO when voltage of frequencies f

_{x}and f_{y}are applied to the X and Y plates respectively. Then f_{x}:f_{y}is then equal tof

_{x}/f_{y}= points of tangency to vertical line/points of tangency to horizontal line = 1/2.05․ In figure Z

_{1}= 200∠60° ohm. Z_{2}= 400∠-90° ohm, Z_{3}= 300∠0° ohm. Then Z_{4}for bridge to be balanced isFor balanced condition,
Z

_{1}Z_{4}= Z_{2}Z_{3}.06․ The coil of a moving coil meter has 100 turns, is 40 mm long and 30 mm wide. The control torque is 240×10

^{-6}N-m on full scale. If magnetic flux density is 1Wb/m^{2}range of meter isIn case of moving coil meter, Controlling torque T

_{c}= NBIA. Where, N = no. of turns of the coil, B - magnetic flux density, = A = area of coil. So, I = 240×10^{-6}/ (100 × 0.04 × 0.03) = 2mA.07․ The scale of hot wire ammeter is

In hot wire ammeter, the deflecting torque is proportional to the square of the rms value of operating current. Hence scale is non linear.

08․ The resistance in the circuit of the moving coil of a dynamometer wattmeter should be

In dynamometer wattmeter, the moving coil is voltage coil. So the moving coil must have high resistance.

09․ The dynamometer principle can be used for

Dynamometer principle can be used for ammeter, voltmeter and wattmeter. However it is generally used for wattmeter only.

10․ A Lissajous pattern on an oscilloscope has 5 horinzontal tangencies and 2 vertical tangencies. The frequency of horizontal input is 100 Hz. The frequency of the vertical will be

f

_{x}/f_{y}= points of tangency to vertical line/points of tangency to horizontal line = 1/2.<<<56789>>>