01․ The meter constant of a single phase 240 V induction watthour meter is 400 revolutions per KWh. The speed of the meter disc for a current of 10 Amperes of 0.8 p.f lagging will be

n = K × power × time in minutes = {400 × 240 × 10 × 0.8/1000} × (1/60) rpm = 12.8 rpm.

02․ In DC potentiometer measurments, a second reading is often taken after reversing the polarities of the DC supply and the unknown voltage and the average of the two reading is taken. This is with a view of eliminate the effects of

Error in the potentiometer is due to thermoelectric EMFs set up at junctions of dissimilar metals and also by the heat from the operator's hand during adjustment of the working parts of the potentiometer. Reversing of polarity and taking reading will give the error in the negative direction. Suppose the reading with error due to one direction is +ΔR and in the other direction is -ΔR, then
Which is actual value.

The bridge is not balanced. So the equivalent resistance of the circuit is
(10 + 20) parallel (10 + 20) = 15 Ohm.
Current in each branch is I = 10/30 = 1/3 A.
Voltage reading of voltmeter is – 20 × 1/3+ 10 × 1/3= - 3.33 V.

04․ A CRO probe has an impedance of 500 kΩ in parallel with a capacitance of 10 pF. The probe is used to measure the voltage between P and Q as shown in figure. The measured voltage will be

In the following configuration
Reactance (X

_{C}) = 1/jωC = 159 kΩ. Writing node equation at P, (V_{P}– 10)/100 + V_{P}/100 + V_{P}/(500 - j/159) = 0. V_{P}= {10/2.28} = 4.38 V.05․ Consider the following statement -
1. The compensating coil of a low power factor wattmeter compensates the effect of the impedance of the current coil.
2. The compensating coil of a low power factor wattmeter compensates the effect of the impedance of the voltage coil circuit.

Compensating coil of a low power factor wattmeter compensating the effect of the impedance of pressure coil or voltage coil circuit.

06․ The measurment of very low and very high frequencies is invariably done using a frequency counter in which one of the following?

Low frequency measurment in frequency mode gives low accuracy. So period measurement is used.

07․ What is the approximate input impedance of a CRO?

CRO has input impedance in the range of 1MΩ.

08․ Piezoelectronic accelerometer

A piezoelectric accelerometer is an accelerometer that employs the piezoelectric effect of certain materials to measure dynamic changes in mechanical variable (e.g. acceleration, vibration and mechanical shock). It is generally used for low frequencies.

09․ A slide wire potentiometer has 10 wires of 1 m each. With the help of a standard voltage source of 1.018 V it is standardised by keeping the jockey at 101.8 cm. If the resistance of the potentiometer wires is 1000 ohm, then the value of the working current will be

Total length of the slide wire = 1000 cm. Total resistance of the slide wire = 1000 ohm. Resistance of 101.8 cm segment of the wire = 101.8 ohm. This corresponds to a voltage of 1.018 V.
Therefore current = 1.018/101.8= 10 mA.

10․ A galvanometer with a full scale current of 10 mA has a resistance of 1000 Ω. The multiplying power (the ratio of measured current to galvanometer current) of 100 Ω shunt with this galvanometer is

We have to obtain n = I/I

_{1}. Here, {I_{1}/I_{2}} = R_{Sh}/ R_{m}. I_{1}+ I_{2}= I. N = 1+ I_{2}/I_{1}= 1+10 = 11.<<<89101112>>>