01․ The base-emitter voltage of an ideal transistor is
Ideally, a saturated transistor acts as a closed switch contact between collector and emitter. Hence, there is no need of base emitter voltage to enable the transistor to work in active region. So, it is zero in the ideal transistor.
02․ In the active region, the collector current is not changed significantly by
Because, the collector resistance is constant at all time. So, that the collector current is not changed significantly by the collector resistance in the active region.
03․ The base-emitter voltage of the second approximation is
For the silicon transistor, the approximate normal operating voltage is 0.7 Volts. The operating voltage is nothing but the base emitter voltage.
04․ If the base resistor is open, what is the collect current?
If the base resistance is open, there is no path to flow the current from the source to the base of the transistor. Hence, the base current is 0 Amps.
05․ When the collector current increases, what does the current gain do?
The current gain is β = 1 / JC. Here, JC is collector current density. Hence, the value of current gain decreases or increases with respect to the collector current.
06․ The current gain of a transistor is defined as the ratio of the collector current to the
The current gain is represented by beta (β). It is approximately the ratio of the DC collector current to the DC base current in forward active region.
07․ The graph of current gain versus collector current indicates that the current gain
Current gain varies slightly with respect to the collector current because, at one stage it achieves the saturation point. It says that how much current gain you we expect from the device.
08․ When the base resistor increases, the collector voltage will probably
If the resistance increases, then the voltage drop across resistance also increases. So, it does not provide the exact voltage to the load. Hence, according to that increase in collector resistance, we have to increase the collector voltage to provide the rated voltage to the load.
09․ If the base resistor is very small, the transistor will operate in the
If the base resistance is very small, then the base current is very high. Since, we know that the base current is directly proportional to the collector current with the multiplying factor of current gain. So, the value of collector current is enormously getting high. In this time, the transistor operates in saturation region.
10․ Ignoring the bulk resistance of the collector diode, the collector-emitter saturation voltage is
By ignoring the resistance of the collector diode, there can be a huge flow of collector current. It assumes direct short circuit in the transistor. Hence, in the short circuit condition, the collector emitter saturation voltage is zero always.