Potentiometer: Definition, Types, And Working Principle

What is a Potentiometer? A potentiometer (also known as a pot or potmeter) is defined as a 3 terminal variable resistor in which the resistance is manually varied to control the flow of electric current. A potentiometer acts as an adjustable voltage divider. How Does a Potentiometer Work? A potentiometer is a passive electronic component. … Read more

Thermistor: Definition, Uses & How They Work

What is a Thermistor? A thermistor (or thermal resistor) is defined as a type of resistor whose electrical resistance varies with changes in temperature. Although all resistors’ resistance will fluctuate slightly with temperature, a thermistor is particularly sensitive to temperature changes. Thermistors act as a passive component in a circuit. They are an accurate, cheap, … Read more

What is Low Power Factor Wattmeter?

As the name suggests the low power factor meter are the instruments that measures lower values of power factor accurately. Before we study more about the low power factor meter, it is very essential to know why there is a requirement of low power factor meter though we use ordinary electrodynamometer to measure power factor? … Read more

Digital Voltmeters Working Principle of Digital Voltmeter

Voltmeter is an electrical measuring instrument used to measure potential difference between two points. The voltage to be measured may be AC or DC. Two types of voltmeters are available for the purpose of voltage measurement i.e. analog and digital. Analog voltmeters generally contain a dial with a needle moving over it according to the … Read more

AC Potentiometer

A potentiometer is an instrument which measures unknown voltage by balancing it with a known voltage. The known source may be DC or AC. The working phenomenon of DC potentiometer and AC potentiometer is same. But there is one major difference between their measurements, DC potentiometer only measures the magnitude of the unknown voltage. Whereas … Read more

Electrodynamometer Type Wattmeter

Before we study the internal construction of electrodynamometer type wattmeter, it is essential to know the working principle of electrodynamometer type wattmeter. Dynamometer type wattmeter works on very simple principle and this principle can be stated as when any current carrying conductor is placed inside a magnetic field, it experiences a mechanical force and due … Read more

Measurement of Resistance

Resistance is one of the most basic elements encountered in electrical and electronics engineering. The value of resistance in engineering varies from very small value like, resistance of a transformer winding, to very high values like, insulation resistance of that same transformer winding. Although a multimeter works quite well if we need a rough value … Read more

Varmeter | Single Phase and Polyphase Varmeter

The instruments which measure the reactive power of the circuit are called varmeter. What is reactive power? The reactive power in the circuit is given by VIsinA. Here there is no need to give an explanation about the physical meaning of reactive power, as only a mathematical relation is sufficient. Measurement of reactive power is … Read more

Measurement of Three Phase Power

Various methods are used for measurement of three phase power in three phase circuits on the basis of number of wattmeters used. We have three methods to discuss: Three wattmeters method Two wattmeters method Single wattmeter method. Let us discuss one by one each method in detail. Measurement of Three Phase Power by Three Wattmeters … Read more

Digital Storage Oscilloscope

A digital oscilloscope is an instrument which stores a digital copy of the waveform in the digital memory which it analyses further using digital signal processing techniques rather than using analogue techniques. It captures the non-repetitive signals and displays it consciously until the device gets reset. In digital storage oscilloscope, signals are received, stored and … Read more