Career Options Available After Studying Electrical Engineering
One of the core branches of Engineering, Electrical Engineering (EE) involves a detailed study of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism with their applications. While some electrical engineers opt to sit for GATE(Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) to continue post-graduation, some PSU’s also accept GATE score for their fresher job openings. A graduate degree in this discipline can make graduates eligible for a career in industries related to electricity, oil and gas, marine, materials and metals, defence, telecom, railway, aerospace, automotive, electronics, and power transmission. As most of our everyday life is dependent upon electricity and electrical objects, a degree in electrical engineering offers countless career options, some of which will be discussed below:
Private Sector JobsVarious IT and electrical companies offer job opportunities to electrical engineering graduates. There are endless opportunities for a knowledgeable degree holder, which not only promote growth but also offer a good work environment. Some of the private sector companies which actively hire electrical engineers are Alstom, ABB, Larsen & Toubro (L&T), Crompton Greaves Limited, Bajaj Electricals, Siemens India, TATA Steel, TATA Motors, Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Jindal Steel & Power, Spectrum Power Generation, and HBL Power Systems.
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Public and Government Sector JobsOne of the benefits of graduation in electrical engineering is that you can appear for Indian Engineering Services (IES), one of the most sought-after careers for engineering graduates in India. Government sector jobs not only promise job security but they also promise the provision of employee perks not otherwise enjoyed in other sectors. An electrical engineering graduate can utilise his/her GATE score to apply for PSUs and government sector jobs. Following are some popular Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) that recruit electrical engineers: National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC), Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited, Gas Authority of India, Indian Oil Corporation Limited, National Aluminium Company Limited, Container Corporation of India Limited, and National Hydroelectric Power Corporation. Some other government organisations accept electrical engineering graduates through their separate competitive exams, theseare Bharat Dynamics Limited, Coal India Limited, Indian Railways, Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Indian Space Research Organization, NMDC Limited, and Engineers India Limited.
Aerospace IndustryWhile the Aerospace Industry sounds like a niche field, electrical engineers can explore this option as there is always a need of working on autonomous systems. According to the Chief of Sectors for Rolls-Royce’s Electrical Capability Group, an electrical engineering graduate in the aerospace industry is expected to work on enhancing the power dense electrical machines and controllers, including engine controllers on platforms across several applications. The engineers would also get an opportunity to work on cutting-edge technology involving fully autonomous ships and on electric propulsions for aerospace platforms.
Automotive IndustryAn electrical engineer’s skill set is extremely useful in the research and development of autonomous, connected, and electrified (ACE) vehicles. In the automotive industry, they work on a variety of components involving power systems, safety systems, and lighting and control systems.
Electronics IndustryGraduates of electrical engineering in the electronics industry actively work in a variety of areas like design, growth, packaging, manufacturing, testing, and field applications engineering. They are also responsible for supporting a product and its management right from its inception to its entire lifespan. Electrical engineering graduates also work with chips, integrated circuits, and components like resistors and capacitors. They are responsible for working with devices that utilise electricity as a part of their source of power.
Marine IndustryMassive cruise ships don’t depend on the boiler rooms solely for power, but the power is also supplied through offshore vessels which hold stations throughout the harshest storms with the help of their sophisticated electric propulsion systems. Electrical engineers in the marine industry, therefore, are responsible for the generation and distribution of electrical energy from these land power stations.
Materials and Metal IndustryPeter Toms from Tata Steel says that electrical engineers in the materials and metals industry usually work alongside engineers from other disciplines on technologies which involve electrically driven fans, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning), and UPS (uninterruptible power supply). The responsibilities in this industry include fault diagnosis, modelling, simulation, and data analysis.
Oil and Gas IndustryEngineers in oil and gas industries are responsible for designing, developing, testing, maintaining and improving electrical systems and components which include generators, transformers, and electric motors. Electrical engineers make sure that these components are reliable, efficient, meet the right safety standards, and can withstand extreme conditions like depth, pressure, and temperature. Interested students can get into this industry by applying to Indian Oil Ltd. and Oil and Natural Gas Ltd., both of which recruit through GATE scores.
Power Generation IndustryElectrical engineers play a broad range of roles in the power generation industry. Being a core industry as it is, these engineers are responsible for designing, building, and maintaining high voltage generators, transformers, and transmission networks. They also work on electrical control circuits, electric motors, and other sophisticated systems which are critical to the process of electricity generation.
Rail IndustryElectrical engineers in the rail industry work in a variety of areas that include signalling, lighting, and power point heating. They write specifications for power distribution systems, review designs, and take care of all technical queries. They are also responsible for testing, maintenance, and replacement of electrical components on the rail network site.
The demand for electrical energy has been on a constant rise, and with it so has the demand for qualified electrical engineers. Electrical engineering students thus have a variety of exciting options to choose from when it comes to deciding on a career. They can opt for the public or private sector depending on what appeals to them the most. Either way, the opportunities are endless and promise a bright and successful future.