Online Electrical Engineering
Design of Inductor in Switched Mode Power Supply Systems
Linear Variable Differential Transformer LVDT
Electrical Power Transformer | Definition and Types of Transformer
What is transformer? Definition and Working Principle of Transformer
Theory of Transformer on Load and No Load Operation
EMF Equation of Transformer | Turns Voltage Transformation Ratio of Transformer
Resistance and Leakage Reactance or Impedance of Transformer
Equivalent Circuit of Transformer referred to Primary and Secondary
Hysteresis Eddy Current Iron or Core Losses and Copper Loss in Transformer
Open and Short Circuit Test on Transformer
Voltage Regulation of Transformer
Over Fluxing in Transformer
Parallel operation of Transformers
Transformer Accessories | Breather and Conservator Tank | Radiator
Transformer Insulating Oil and Types of Transformer Oil
Silica Gel Breather of Transformer
Conservator Tank of Transformer
Radiator of Transformer | Function of Radiator
Magnetic Oil Gauge or MOG | Magnetic Oil Level Indicator of Transformer
Oil Winding and Remote Temperature Indicator of Transformer
On Load and No Load Tap Changer of Transformer | OLTC and NLTC
Transformer Cooling System and Methods
Maintenance of Transformer
What is Auto Transformer ?
Buchholz Relay in transformer | Buchholz Relay operation and principle
Transformer Testing | Type Test and Routine Test of Transformer
Voltage and Turn Ratio Test of Transformer
Transformer Winding Resistance Measurement
Insulation Dielectric Test of Transformer
Transformer Oil and Winding Temperature Rise Test
Impulse Test of Transformer
Vector Group Test of Power Transformer
Sweep Frequency Response Analysis Test | SFRA Test
DGA or Dissolved Gas Analysis of Transformer Oil | Furfural or Furfuraldehyde Analysis
Distribution Transformer | All Day Efficiency of Distribution Transformer
Installation of Power Transformer
Commissioning of Power Transformer
Magnetizing Inrush Current in Power Transformer
Tertiary Winding of Transformer | Three Winding Transformer
Single Three Phase Transformer vs bank of three Single Phase Transformers
What is Earthing Transformer or Grounding Transformer
Air Core Transformer
High Voltage Transformer
Current Transformer CT class Ratio Error Phase Angle Error in Current Transformer
Voltage Transformer or Potential Transformer Theory
Accuracy Limit Factor and Instrument Security Factor of Current Transformer
Knee Point Voltage of Current Transformer PS Class
Differential Protection of Transformer | Differential Relays
Restricted Earth Fault Protection of Transformer | REF Protection
Core of Transformer and Design of Transformer Core
Design of High Frequency Pulse Transformer
Definition of Ideal TransformerAn ideal transformer is an imaginary transformer which does not have any loss in it, means no core losses, copper losses and any other losses in transformer. Efficiency of this transformer is considered as 100%.
Ideal Transformer ModelIdeal transformer model is developed by considering a transformer which does not have any loss. That means the windings of the transformer are purely inductive and the core of transformer is loss free. There is zero leakage reactance of transformer. As we said, whenever we place a low reluctance core inside the windings, maximum amount of flux passes through this core, but still there is some flux which does not pass through the core but passes through the insulation used in the transformer. This flux does not take part in the transformation action of the transformer. This flux is called leakage flux of transformer. In an ideal transformer, this leakage flux is also considered nil. That means, 100% flux passes through the core and links with both the primary and secondary windings of transformer. Although every winding is desired to be purely inductive but it has some resistance in it which causes voltage drop and I2R loss in it. In such ideal transformer model, the windings are also considered ideal, that means resistance of the winding is zero.
Now if an alternating source voltage V1 is applied in the primary winding of that ideal transformer, there will be a counter self emf E1 induced in the primary winding which is purely 180° in phase opposition with supply voltage V1.
For developing counter emf E1 across the primary winding, it draws current from the source to produce required magnetizing flux. As the primary winding is purely inductive, that current 90° lags from the supply voltage. This current is called magnetizing current of transformer Iμ.
This alternating current Iμ produces an alternating magnetizing flux Φ which is proportional to that current and hence in phase with it. As this flux is also linked with secondary winding through the core of transformer, there will be another emf E2 induced in the secondary winding, this is mutually induced emf. As the secondary is placed on the same core where the primary winding is placed, the emf induced in the secondary winding of transformer, E2 is in the phase with primary emf E1 and in phase opposition with source voltage V1.
The above chapter was about a brief discussion about ideal transformer, it has also explained the basic ideal transformer model.